# Geometry (Mathematics Curriculum)

# Transformations

## What Is a Transformation?

A transformation is a change of a shape. A transformation can change a shape's position, orientation and its size.

There are four types of transformations: translation, rotation, reflection and enlargement (or in simpler language: slide, turn, flip and resize).

Here are some examples from transformations. We might be interested in sliding (translating) a shape. We might want to turn (rotate) a shape. We might want to flip (reflect) a shape in a line. We might want to resize (enlarge) a shape. Transformations allow us to do this.

## Transformations

A transformation is a change in a shape so that its angles and proportions are kept the same, but it has been slided, turned, flipped or resized.

In this mini-curriculum, you will learn the basics of transformations.

## Translation

A translation moves a shape without flipping, turning or resizing it.

In this mini-curriculum, you will learn about translation.

## Rotation

A rotation turns a shape. It changes a shape's orientation.

In this mini-curriculum, you will learn about rotation.

## Reflections

A reflection flips a shape. It is as if a shape looks in a mirror.

In this mini-curriculum, you will learn about reflection.

## Enlargements

An enlargement resizes a shape. It makes a shape larger or smaller.

In this mini-curriculum, you will learn about enlargements.