The Mathematical Symbol "Small Contains with Vertical Bar At End of Horizontal Stroke (⋼)"

The "Small Contains with Vertical Bar At End of Horizontal Stroke" Symbol (⋼)

The ⋼ symbol is one of the specialized mathematical symbols used in set theory. Its appearance consists of a reverse "∈" symbol (the "element of" symbol) with a vertical bar at the end of its horizontal stroke. This symbol is not as common as the basic set theory symbols, but it can appear in some mathematical contexts.

Visual Representation

Graphically, the ⋼ symbol can be thought of as a combination of the "∈" symbol and a vertical bar. The vertical bar typically touches or intersects the horizontal stroke of the "∈" symbol.


Though not as common in everyday mathematics, the ⋼ symbol might be used in more specialized or advanced areas of mathematics. Its exact interpretation can be context-dependent, so it's important to refer to definitions provided in specific texts or papers where it's used.

Typing ⋼

To represent the "Small Contains with Vertical Bar At End of Horizontal Stroke" symbol in documents or platforms that support HTML entities, you can use the ⋼ entity. As with other such entities, its visual display may vary depending on the font and platform being used. In non-HTML contexts, one may need to resort to dedicated math software or libraries to depict this symbol accurately.

Related Symbols

Several symbols in set theory and logic describe relationships between elements and sets or properties of sets. Some related symbols include:

  • ∈ (Element Of)
  • ∉ (Not An Element Of)
  • ⊂ (Subset Of)
  • ⊃ (Superset Of)


While the ⋼ symbol might not be a staple in introductory set theory or general mathematics, its presence in specific contexts emphasizes the richness and depth of mathematical notation. As always, it's essential to understand symbols in their specific mathematical context to ensure accurate comprehension.

Mathematical symbol 'Small Contains with Vertical Bar At End of Horizontal Stroke'

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Codes for the ⋼ Symbol

The Symbol
Alt CodeAlt 8956
HTML Code⋼
HTML Entity⋼
CSS Code\22FC
Hex Code⋼

How To Insert the ⋼ Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the ⋼ symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 8956. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#8956;</b>My symbol: ⋼

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &nis;</b>My symbol: ⋼

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
span:after {
content: "\22FC";}
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ⋼

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x22FC;</b>My symbol: ⋼
On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x22FC to place the ⋼ symbol on your canvas. For example:
JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);

(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for ⋼ is U+22FC. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:
[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]

(The 22FC turns into ⋼. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)
In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u22FC. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)
JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u22FC"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ⋼