The Mathematical Symbol "Element Of (∈)"

The "Element Of" Symbol (∈)

The ∈ symbol is a fundamental notation in set theory and represents the concept of "membership."

Visual Representation

The symbol appears as a stylized uppercase "E" (∈) and is used to indicate that an element belongs to a set.

Meaning and Usage

The primary meaning of the ∈ symbol is to indicate that a particular element is a member of a set. For instance, if the set \( A \) contains the element \( x \), then it is denoted as \( x ∈ A \).


If \( A = \{1, 2, 3\} \), then \( 2 ∈ A \) since the number 2 is a member of the set \( A \). Conversely, if \( 4 \) is not in \( A \), it's written as \( 4 \notin A \), where \( \notin \) denotes "not an element of."

Representation in Other Contexts

In LaTeX, the command for the "element of" symbol is \in.

Application in Mathematics

The concept of set membership is foundational in various areas of mathematics, from basic arithmetic to advanced topics. The ∈ symbol appears frequently in mathematical proofs, logic, algebra, and many other domains to signify that a particular element belongs to a set.


The ∈ symbol is a basic yet crucial notation in mathematics. Understanding its significance is vital for anyone studying or working with mathematical concepts, especially those related to set theory.

Mathematical symbol 'Element Of'

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Codes for the ∈ Symbol

The Symbol
Alt CodeAlt 8712
HTML Code∈
HTML Entity∈
CSS Code\2208
Hex Code∈

How To Insert the ∈ Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the ∈ symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 8712. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#8712;</b>My symbol: ∈

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &isin;</b>My symbol: ∈

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
span:after {
content: "\2208";}
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ∈

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x2208;</b>My symbol: ∈
On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x2208 to place the ∈ symbol on your canvas. For example:
JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);

(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for ∈ is U+2208. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:
[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]

(The 2208 turns into ∈. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)
In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u2208. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)
JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u2208"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ∈