# Circled Minus

## The Mathematical Symbol "Circled Minus (⊖)"

homesitemapsymbolscircled minus

The ⊖ Symbol in Mathematics: Circled Minus

In the vast realm of mathematical symbols, the ⊖ or "Circled Minus" holds a unique place. It's an operator that's both intuitive in its design and versatile in its application.

## Usage

The ⊖ symbol, visually representing a minus sign enclosed within a circle, is primarily employed in algebra and set theory. In algebraic contexts, it often denotes a binary operation specific to the mathematical structure in question. In set theory, it represents the symmetric difference between two sets.

## Examples

• Example 1: In set theory:
Let $$A = \{1, 2, 3\}$$ and $$B = \{3, 4, 5\}$$. Then:
$$A ⊖ B = \{1, 2, 4, 5\}$$
This represents all the elements that are in either of the sets, but not in both.
• Example 2: In algebra:
If one is working within a specific algebraic structure, the ⊖ symbol could represent a custom operation, defined based on the properties of that structure.

In summary, the ⊖ symbol, while seemingly straightforward, can have various interpretations depending on the mathematical context. Recognizing its nuances and applications aids in a richer understanding of mathematical expressions and operations.

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## Codes for the ⊖ Symbol

 The Symbol ⊖ Alt Code Alt 8854 HTML Code ⊖ HTML Entity ⊖ CSS Code \2296 Hex Code ⊖ Unicode U+2296

## How To Insert the ⊖ Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the ⊖ symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 8854. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#8854;</b>My symbol: ⊖

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &ominus;</b>My symbol: ⊖

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
<style>
span:after {
content: "\2296";}
</style>
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ⊖

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x2296;</b>My symbol: ⊖
On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x2296 to place the ⊖ symbol on your canvas. For example:
JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);
Output

(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for ⊖ is U+2296. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:
TypeOutput
2296
[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]

(The 2296 turns into ⊖. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)
In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u2296. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)
JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u2296"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ⊖

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