What Is a Percentage?
What Is a Percentage?
A percentage is a part of a whole. It expresses a part of a whole number as parts out of 100.
A percentage is shown by the symbol % (said as "percent").
Dictionary Definition
The MerriamWebster dictionary defines a percentage as "a part of a whole expressed in hundredths."
A Real Example of a Percentage
A percentage is written as a number followed by the percentage symbol %:
This is 20% (said as "20 percent"). It means 20 parts out of 100.
A Real Example of What a Percentage Means
Imagine you were given 20% in a mathematics exam. You would have got 20 out of every 100 marks.

If there were 100 marks, you would have got 20 marks.

If there were 200 marks, you would have got 40 marks.

If there were 50 marks, you would have got 10 marks.
Visualizing Percentages
A percentage shows how many parts out of a 100.
A grid with 100 squares is a useful way of visualizing percentages.
In the grid below, 20 out of 100 squares are colored blue. 20% of the squares are blue.