# Linear Equations(KS3, Year 7)

## The Lesson

A linear equation is an equation that shows a straight line when it is plotted on a graph.

## An Example of a Linear Equation

An example of a linear equation is shown below: In this example, there are two variables (x and y). None of the variables have a number written to the right and above it (that is, the highest exponent is 1).

## Interactive Widget

You can use this interactive widget to create a graph of your linear equation. Use the buttons to change the values of the linear equation.
Change the Equation
y
x
y-intercept

## Linear Equations as Equations of Lines

The linear equation has two variables: x and y. Pairs of values of x and y will make both sides of the equation equal. In the table below, pairs of values of x and y are chosen in the left hand column. They are substituted into the equation (y = 2x + 1) in the right hand column. Both sides of the equals sign are equal.
 x = 1, y = 3 3 = 2 × 1 + 1 $$\:\:\:$$ = 2 + 1 = 3 ✔ x = 2, y = 5 5 = 2 × 2 + 1 $$\:\:\:$$ = 4 + 1 = 5 ✔ x = 3, y = 7 7 = 2 × 3 + 1 $$\:\:\:$$ = 6 + 1 = 7 ✔
Treat the value of x as the x-coordinate and the value of y as the y-coordinate. These pair of x and y values can be plotted on a graph as Cartesian coordinates (x, y). When they are plotted, they make a line: ## Forms of Linear Equations

Linear equations come in many forms.

## What a Linear Equation Is...

Let's see what parts a linear equation can have: A linear equation can contain:

## ...And What It Isn't

Now let's see what a linear equation cannot have. If you see any of these, it isn't a linear equation. The variables in the linear equation (the y and x) cannot contain:
• Exponents - variables can only appear as x and y, not as x2 or y3
• Roots - variables cannot appear as √x or ∛y
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