# How to Find the Distance Between Two Points

## Finding the Distance Between Two Points

The distance between two points with Cartesian coordinates **(x _{1}, y_{1})** and

**(x**can be found using the formula:

_{2}, y_{2})The image below shows what we mean by the distance between the points at (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2}):

x_{1}, y_{1}, x_{2} and y_{2} are symbols that represent the x-coordinates and y-coordinates of the points. In real questions, the Cartesian coordinates will have numbers, for example (1, 1) and (5, 4).

## How to Find the Distance Between Two Points

Finding the distance between two points is easy.

### Question

Find the distance between the points with Cartesian coordinates (1, 1) and (5, 4).

### Step-by-Step:

# 1

Start with the formula:

**Don't forget:** √ means square root

**and** ^{2} means squared: (x_{2} − x_{1})^{2} = (x_{2} − x_{1}) × (x_{2} − x_{1})

**and** ^{2} means squared: (y_{2} − y_{1})^{2} = (y_{2} − y_{1}) × (y_{2} − y_{1})

# 2

Find x_{1}, y_{1}, x_{2} and y_{2} from the Cartesian coordinates given in the question.

In our example, the Cartesian coordinates of the points are (1, 1) and (5, 4). They are represented in the formula by (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2}).

(x_{1}, y_{1}) = (1, 1) ∴ x_{1} = 1, y_{1} = 1

(x_{2}, y_{2}) = (5, 4) ∴ x_{2} = 5, y_{2} = 4

# 3

Substitute x_{1}, y_{1}, x_{2} and y_{2} into the formula.

### Answer:

The distance between the points with Cartesian coordinates (1, 1) and (5, 4) is 5.