(KS2, Year 6)
The LessonA triangle is a 2-dimensional shape with three sides and three angles.
Dictionary DefinitionThe Oxford English Dictionary defines a triangle as "a figure (usually, a plane rectilineal figure) having three angles and three sides."
Types of TriangleThere are different types of triangle. Triangles can be classified by lengths of sides or by angles.
By Lengths of SidesTriangles can be classified as equilateral, isosceles or scalene depending on whether 3, 2 or 0 side lengths and angles are equal.
By AnglesTriangles can be classified as acute, obtuse or right triangles depending on whether all angles are acute (less than 90°), one angle is obtuse (more than 90°) or one angle is a right angle (90°).
Read more about types of triangle
Interactive Game on the Types of Triangle
- Click on a triangle so it drops into the correct "bucket."
- In total, there are 10 triangles to clear.
- If a triangle drops into the wrong "bucket," you will lose one of your three lives.
- Good luck!
Properties of Triangles
Area of a TriangleThe area of a triangle is found using the formula:
In this formula, b is the length of the base of the triangle and h is the height of the triangle.
Read more about how to find the area of a triangle
Interior Angles of a TriangleThe interior angles of a triangle add up to 180°.
Read more about the interior angles of a triangle
Interactive WidgetHere is an interactive widget to help you learn about triangles.
What's in a Name?A triangle has three corners and so three angles. Just as a tricycle has three wheels, and a tripod has three legs, a shape with three angles in called a triangle. An alternative name for a triangle is a 'trigon', as it is a three-sided polygon. This is where we get the word trigonometry.
Oblique TrianglesA triangle without a right angle is called an oblique triangle. Acute triangles and obtuse triangles are both oblique triangles.
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