Odd Numbers
(KS2, Year 6)

The Lesson

An odd number is a whole number that cannot be divided exactly by 2.

Dictionary Definition

The Oxford English Dictionary defines an even number as a number "having one left over as remainder when divided by two. Opposed to even."

Examples of Odd Numbers

Some examples of odd numbers are given below:

Odd Numbers on a Number Line

The image below shows the odd numbers on the number line.

How to Check if a Number Is an Odd Number

A number is odd if it cannot be divided exactly by 2. If it is divided by 2, the answer will not be a whole number. There will be a remainder of 1.

Question

Is 25 an odd number?

Step-by-Step:

1

Divide the number by 2.
25 ÷ 2 = 12.5 = 12 r 1

2

Check if the answer from Step 1 is a whole number. If it is not, and there is a remainder of 1, the original number is odd. Else it is even. In our example, 12.5 is not a whole number.

Answer:

25 is an odd number.

A Formula to Generate Odd Numbers

The formula below generates odd numbers:

If k takes a whole number (1, 2, 3...), then n will always be odd.
k = 0 ∴ n = 2k + 1 = 2 × 0 + 1 = 1 k = 1 ∴ n = 2k + 1 = 2 × 1 + 1 = 3 k = 2 ∴ n = 2k + 1 = 2 × 2 + 1 = 5 k = 3 ∴ n = 2k + 1 = 2 × 3 + 1 = 7 k = 4 ∴ n = 2k + 1 = 2 × 4 + 1 = 9

Interactive Game on Odd Numbers

Here is an interactive game to help you learn about odd numbers.

Lesson Slides

The slider below shows a real example of odd numbers. Open the slider in a new tab

Top Tip

A Quick Way to See If a Number Is Odd

A number is odd if its last digit is 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9.
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See Also

What is an even number What is a number line? Arithmetic with even and odd numbers