(KS2, Year 4)
The LessonA natural number is a whole number from 1 upwards:
Mathematicians use the symbol to represent the set of natural numbers.
Dictionary DefinitionThe Oxford English Dictionary defines a natural number as "a positive whole number (1, 2, 3, etc.)"
Natural Numbers As Counting NumbersA natural number is a counting number. Natural numbers are the numbers you would use to count objects.
Natural Numbers on the Number LineThe image below shows the natural numbers on the number line.
Note: The natural numbers are whole numbers only. They are not found in between the numbers shown.
What Natural Numbers AreNatural numbers are positive integers.
What Natural Numbers Are NotNatural numbers are not negative (such as −1) and are not fractions (part of a whole number, such as ½ or 0.3).
What Natural Numbers Are (Usually) Not0 is (usually) not a natural number. A child learning to count would not count zero objects.
(Some mathematicians do count 0 as a natural number. We do not. The idea of 0 is more abstract and less natural - it was invented later. If you include 0, you have the whole numbers).
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