How to Find the Inverse of a Function Using a Graph (Mathematics Lesson)
How to Find the Inverse of a Function Using a GraphA function can be plotted on a graph.
If the graph of y = f(x) is plotted, and then reflected in the line y = x, the inverse function y = f-1(x) is found.
A Real Example of How to Find the Inverse of a Function Using a Number MachineQuestion: What is the inverse function of the function:
Step 1: Plot the function on a graph.
The function is a linear equation, and appears as a straight line on a graph.
The slope of the line is given by the of the x term, 1. The y-intercept is given by the constant term + 1.
Plotting the function gives:
Step 2: Plot the line y = x on the same graph.
The line y = x goes through the origin and is exactly halfway between the y-axis and the x-axis, at a 45° angle to them:
Step 3: Reflect the function y = f(x) in the line y = x.
Step 4: Find the equation of the reflected line, which is the inverse function.
The inverse function is a straight line. It has the same slope as the original function, 1, but its y-intercept is -1:
The inverse function is:
Another Real Example of How to Find the Inverse of a Function Using a GraphThe slider below shows a real example of how to find the inverse of a function using a graph.
NoteWHAT IS AN INVERSE FUNCTION?
An inverse function is itself a function which reverses a function.
If a function f(x) maps an input x to an output f(x)...
... an inverse function takes the output f(x) back to the input x:
An inverse function is denoted f-1(x). It relates an input x to an output f-1(x):
HOW TO REFLECT A FUNCTION IN Y = X
To find the inverse of a function using a graph, the function needs to be reflected in the line y = x.
By reflection, think of the reflection you would see in a mirror or in water:
Each point in the image (the reflection) is the same perpendicular distance from the mirror line as the corresponding point in the object.
If a function is reflecting the the line y = x, each point on the reflected line is the same perpendicular distance from the mirror line as the original function: