# What Is a Parallelogram? (Mathematics Lesson)

# What Is a Parallelogram

A paralleogram is a four sided shape with opposite sides parallel and equal in length.# Properties of Parallelograms

- Opposite sides of a parallelogram are parallel.

- Opposite sides of a parallelogram are of equal length.

- Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal.

- Adjacent angles of a parallelogram add up to 180°. They are supplementary angles.

- All angles of a parallelogram add up to 360°.

- The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. The diagonals cross each other half-way along their lengths.

# The Perimeter of a Parallelogram

The perimeter of a parallelogram is given by the formula:where of b is the length of the base and s is the length of the side of the parallelogram.

# The Area of a Parallelogram

The area of a parallelogram is given by the formula:where b is the length of the base and h is the height of the parallelogram.

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**WHAT'S IN A NAME?**

Parallelogram comes from the Greek word 'parallelogrammon' meaning 'parallel sides'.

# A PARALLELOGRAM IS A POLYGON

A parallelogram is a type of polygon.A polygon is a 2-dimensional shape with straight sides.

A parallelogram is an irregular polygon. Irregular polygons have different length sides and different angles.

# A PARALLELOGRAM IS A QUADRILATERAL

A parallelogram is a quadrilateral.A quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon.

Squares, rectangles and trapezoids are also quadrilaterals.

# INTERIOR ANGLES OF A PARALLELOGRAM

A parallelogram is a four-sided polygon. The sum of the interior angles of an n-sided polygon is is: (n - 2) × 180°This means the interior angles of a polygon add up to:

(4 - 2) × 180° = 360°

This is the case for all quadrilaterals, such as squares, rectangles and trapezoids.